The main task of dentistry is to prevent tooth loss. Every effort is made to preserve and maintain the teeth, as a single lost tooth can have a major impact on dental health, speech, bites, chewing and appearance. However, for various reasons, sometimes the patient ends up in a situation where a tooth extraction in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania is necessary. You can expect discomfort, bleeding and/or inflammation for the next 24 hours. Initial healing lasts about one or two weeks. The gums heal in three to four weeks and the complete healing of the bone is done in about six months. You can facilitate faster healing and avoid possible complications, following these post-extraction instructions,
How to take care of your tooth after a tooth extraction?
Do not disturb the extraction spot
Otherwise, you may facilitate irritation, infection or bleeding. Simply pressing with a compress is enough to control the bleeding and help form a blood clot in the alveolus. The sutures can be removed in 5-6 days. If bleeding persists, consult your dentist.
Use your toothbrush carefully
A few days after extraction it is very important to keep your mouth as clean as possible to prevent infection and help with healing. Do not brush directly on the site of extraction for at least 3-4 days to prevent blood clots from dislocating. During this period you can carefully clean the teeth close to= the extraction spot.
Do not smoke at least 48 to 72 hours after extraction
Smoking can interfere with the healing process, can cause bleeding and even infection of the alveoli. Continuing to smoke after the first few days, slow down the healing rate and the blood will no longer be able to fill the alveolus and form the clot needed for a healthy healing. Smoking can affect the bone around the alveolus, making healing even more difficult!
Know the effects of anesthesia
When using local anesthesia, the cheek, tongue and lip will be numb for a few hours after extraction. While they are anesthetized you will have a “strange” sensation. During this period, be careful not to bite, chew or scratch in that area, as this can cause severe trauma to the connective tissue.
Avoid using mouthwash
Avoid rinsing with mouthwash for the first 24 hours after the extraction. This is one of the main post-extraction indications needed to be followed to ensure blood clot formation. Destruction of the clot can lead to bleeding, longer healing and even infection. After the first 24 hours, you should rinse the area with warm saltwater. Rinse lightly after each meal or snack, making sure the water reaches the extraction area. Rinsing removes food debris from the alveolus, accelerating healing.
Be careful what you eat
For the first 24-48 hours post-extraction, maintain a diet with soft foods. Avoid hot and spicy foods, which can cause irritation and burns in the spot of extraction. Also, avoid fizzy drinks for 2-3 days post-extraction. Also, it is not recommended to eat immediately after extraction. When the effect of anesthesia disappears you can eat, but you should chew on the opposite side for at least 24-48 hours, to avoid the food reaching the extraction site. It is just as important to drink plenty of fluids between meals. You must avoid disturbing the place of extraction with sharp objects like cutlery and toothpicks. You can return to the normal diet when you consider that is necessary.
For the first 24-48 hours post-extraction, you should limit the activities, because this can lead to an intensification of the bleeding which might cause the rupture of the clot. Do not bend or lift weights in the first 2-3 days after extraction.
In conclusion, you should be careful and respect the instruction below. Make sure that you feel better over time and consult your dentist if something bothers you! Good luck!